CAPEC Details
Name DOM-Based XSS
Likelyhood of attack Typical severity
High Very High
Summary This type of attack is a form of Cross-Site Scripting (XSS) where a malicious script is inserted into the client-side HTML being parsed by a web browser. Content served by a vulnerable web application includes script code used to manipulate the Document Object Model (DOM). This script code either does not properly validate input, or does not perform proper output encoding, thus creating an opportunity for an adversary to inject a malicious script launch a XSS attack. A key distinction between other XSS attacks and DOM-based attacks is that in other XSS attacks, the malicious script runs when the vulnerable web page is initially loaded, while a DOM-based attack executes sometime after the page loads. Another distinction of DOM-based attacks is that in some cases, the malicious script is never sent to the vulnerable web server at all. An attack like this is guaranteed to bypass any server-side filtering attempts to protect users.
Prerequisites An application that leverages a client-side web browser with scripting enabled. An application that manipulates the DOM via client-side scripting. An application that failS to adequately sanitize or encode untrusted input.
Solutions Use browser technologies that do not allow client-side scripting. Utilize proper character encoding for all output produced within client-site scripts manipulating the DOM. Ensure that all user-supplied input is validated before use.
Related Weaknesses
CWE ID Description
CWE-20 Improper Input Validation
CWE-79 Improper Neutralization of Input During Web Page Generation ('Cross-site Scripting')
CWE-83 Improper Neutralization of Script in Attributes in a Web Page
Related CAPECS
CAPEC ID Description
CAPEC-63 An adversary embeds malicious scripts in content that will be served to web browsers. The goal of the attack is for the target software, the client-side browser, to execute the script with the users' privilege level. An attack of this type exploits a programs' vulnerabilities that are brought on by allowing remote hosts to execute code and scripts. Web browsers, for example, have some simple security controls in place, but if a remote attacker is allowed to execute scripts (through injecting them in to user-generated content like bulletin boards) then these controls may be bypassed. Further, these attacks are very difficult for an end user to detect.
Taxonomy: OWASP Attacks
Entry ID Entry Name
Link Reflected DOM Injection